Contributor: Phologo Sema
FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Being a discussion that everyone from professionals to corporate entities, and small businesses are having; studies have been produced defining Fourth Industrial Revolution as being characterized by a fusion of technologies that blurs the lines between the physical, digital and biological spheres. This is one of the many definitions to explaining this revolution or overwhelming exploration by humanity.
This research work focuses on the advent, compatibility and impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The various articles on the subject matter were considered and many focal points adopted in our writing. Our approach helped broaden our creativity much like when using the brainstorming method to conduct research, we were able to develop an understanding of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and how it can be integrated into business; and everyday life.
Looking back to 2013, publicly available research findings indicate that people around the world were already into this kind of experience consciously or unconsciously; trudging through the complexities of technologies, which were presented then and that were very much emergent in nature. Most Linguistics, believe that the forms of written languages undergo constant evolution because concepts are developed from time to time in language; and that often has direct meaning. Perhaps, we should consider the many articles and teachings by experts and scholars whose understanding of this emergent revolution defined as the Fourth, is astonishing. A particular article by salesforce.com, cites that “The Fourth Industrial Revolution is a way of describing the blurring of boundaries between the physical, digital, and biological worlds. It’s a fusion of advances in artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, the Internet of Things (IoT), 3D printing, genetic engineering, quantum computing, and other technologies. Bringing clarity to this concept of Fourth Industrial Revolution, is yet another interesting article stating that “Fourth Industrial Revolution is a revolutionary change based on recent diverse technologies”. Seemingly, diverse industries and experts develop concepts of advent or emergent revolutions and while that can cause a lot of confusion to some, it can help with research topics and better prepare humanity for its roll out.
While we do not have any empirical evidence to ascertain the notion that conceptually, the 1st and 2nd industrial revolutions did create jobs and globally connect digital platforms; we’re reliant on studies by organisations such as the World Economic Forum. Getting information on businesses within both local, national and international economies, and the climates under which they often trade helps to define the training purpose and learning objectives. When looking at major milestones in the development and applications of computers systems in whole world, this revolution or advent of change can be traced back to the 1930’s. According to the WEF, when the third industrial revolution began it used electronics and information technology to automate production and seemingly, these technologies were using computer system applications.
Based on a research and data by the NICVA, according to the Future of Employment report, around 47 percent of total US employment is in the high risk category. The research findings also indicate that people may be more concerned about what types of jobs are at high risk than specific numbers of jobs that may potentially be at risk in the future, and that could resonate with people across the globe. With the WEF having discussed the emergent change in the lives of the people since the middle of the last century as a time characterized by a fusion of technologies that are blurring lines between the physical, digital and biological spheres; we can only think these advances in technology will sharply reduce jobs throughout the different sectors of the economy over time. Positivity can only be derived from flipping the coin and experiencing “Eudaimonia” better feeling to be in because the bible discusses this very perspective in Romans scripture that people must be subjected to authority and people must render to Caesar what is due. As to how people will behave when in authority and with whom they will have treaties, is the individual's choice, all filtering down to what humanity is exposed to at the expense of that person's choices, and acts of negligence.
Essentially, there is a fragile balance between people fulfilling the Law of God and the people rendering own interests. While, not only are these technologies skills-biased, they also require so much capital invested; especially if they are to be utilised optimally. No doubt, technology has spawned and sprawled transformation to systems of production, management and governance. With that in mind and in as much as people are still giddy with enthusiasm and optimism, there are uncertainties about the impacts of these revolutions; including whether labour demands will continue being affected when lines continue to be blurred between the physical, digital and biological spheres.